Design curve

Water Conservation Measures

Guidelines
  • Wasting water by allowing water to run off on to the street is prohibited.
  • Washing hard surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, and parking lots, is prohibited except for safety, construction, or health reasons.
  • Car washes and other events using water must use best management practices to conserve water. This includes using automatic shut-off nozzles.
  • Washing personal vehicles is limited to a hose equipped with a shut-off spray nozzle and/or bucket.
  • Washing fleet and commercial vehicles requires a hose equipped with a shut-off spray nozzle and/or bucket.
 

WATER CONSERVATION AND DROUGHT/EMERGENCY CONTINGENCY PLAN

Sec. 13.07.001             Emergency authority

The purpose of this article is to establish the City’s policy in the event of shortages or delivery limitations in the City’s water supply.  This Article applies to:

(a)                All persons and premises within the City using water from the water system;

(b)               All retail customers who live in unincorporated areas within the City’s extraterritorial jurisdiction and are served by water systems; and

(c)        All wholesale customers outside the City, which includes the City of Westbrook and Westbrook Independent School District. 

Sec. 13.07.002             Policy; purpose; intent

(a)        In order to conserve the available water supply and protect the integrity of water supply facilities, with particular regard for domestic water use, sanitation and fire protection and to protect and preserve public health, welfare and safety and minimize the adverse impacts of water supply shortage or other water supply emergency conditions, the City hereby adopts the following regulations and restrictions on the delivery and consumption of water.

(b)        Water uses regulated or prohibited under this drought contingency plan (the Plan) are considered to be nonessential and continuation of such uses during times of water shortage or other emergency water supply condition are deemed to constitute a waste of water which subjects the offender(s) to penalties as defined in this article.

Sec. 13.07.003             Public education

The City will periodically provide the public with information about the plan, including information about the conditions under which each stage of the plan is to be initiated or terminated and the drought response measures to be implemented in each stage.  This information will be provided by means of press releases, radio announcements, cable television public announcement channels and utility bill notices. 

Sec. 13.07.004             Coordination with regional water planning groups

The service area of the City is located within the Region F planning group, and the City has provided a copy of this plan to the Region F regional planning group. 

Sec. 13.07.005             Authorization

The City Manager, is hereby authorized and directed to implement the applicable provisions of this plan upon determination that such implementation is necessary to protect public health, safety and welfare.  The City Manager shall have the authority to initiate or terminate drought or other water supply emergency response measures as described in this plan. 

Sec. 13.07.006             Application

The provisions of this plan shall apply to all persons, customers and property utilizing water provided by City.  The terms “person” and “customer” as used in the plan include individuals, corporations, partnerships, associations and all other legal entities. 

Sec. 13.07.007             Definitions

For the purpose of this Article, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.

Aesthetic water use. Water use for ornamental or decorative purposes such as fountains, reflecting pools and water gardens.

Commercial and institutional water use. Water use which is integral to the operations of commercial and nonprofit establishments and governmental entities such as retail establishments, hotels and motels, restaurants and office buildings. 

Conservation. Those practices, techniques and technologies that reduce the consumption of water, reduce the loss or waste of water, improve the efficiency in the use of water or increase the recycling and reuse of water so that a supply is conserved and made available for future or alternative uses. 

Customer. Any person, company or organization using water supplied by the City. 

Domestic water use. Water use for personal needs or for household or sanitary purposes such as drinking, bathing, heating, cooking, sanitation or for cleaning residence, business, industry or institution. 

Industrial water use. The use of water in processes designated to convert materials of lower value into forms of having greater usability and value. 

Landscape irrigation use. Water used for the irrigation and maintenance of landscaped areas, whether publicly or privately owned, including residential and commercial lawns, gardens, golf courses, athletic fields, parks and rights-of-way and medians. 

Nonessential water use.  Water uses that are not essential nor required for the protection of public health, safety and welfare, including the following:

(1)        Irrigation of landscape areas, including parks, athletic fields and golf courses, except otherwise provided under this plan;

(2)        Use of water to wash any motor vehicle, motorbike, boat, trailer, airplane or other vehicle; 

(3)        Use of water to wash down any sidewalks, walkways, driveways, parking lots, tennis courts or other hard-surfaced areas; 

(4)        Use of water to wash down buildings or structures for purposes other than immediate fire protection; 

(5)        Flushing gutters or permitting water to run or accumulate in any gutter or street; 

(6)        Use of water to fill, refill or add to any indoor or outdoor swimming pools or Jacuzzi-type pools; 

(7)        Use of water in an outside fountain or pond for aesthetic or scenic purposes, except where necessary to support aquatic life; 

(8)        Failure to repair a controllable leak(s) within a reasonable period after having been given notice directing the repair of such leak(s); or 

(9)        Use of water from hydrants for construction purpose or any other purpose other than firefighting. 

Sec. 13.07.008             Triggering criteria for initiation and termination of drought response stages 

(a)        The City Manager, shall monitor water supply and/or demand conditions on a daily basis and shall determine when conditions warrant initiation or termination of each stage of the plan.  Public notification of the initiation or termination of drought response stages shall be by means of publication in local newspaper, notice on water bills, and announcements on radio stations and cable television public announcement channels. 

(b)        The triggering criteria described below are based on water supply conditions during past droughts. 

            (1)        Stage 1 – Mild water shortage conditions

(A)       Requirements for initiation. At the second City Council meeting of April each year, the City Manager shall evaluate the weather conditions and if necessary initiate Stage one – mild water shortage conditions beginning May 1st and that stage will continue until it is rescinded or until other stages become necessary.  However, if weather conditions change and water demand dictates, the City Manager can initiate Stage 1 at any time. 

(B)       Requirements for termination. Stage 1 of the plan may be rescinded by the city manager. 

(2)        Stage 2 – Moderate water shortage conditions

(A)       Requirements for initiation. Customers shall be required to comply with the requirements and restrictions on nonessential water uses for stage 2 of this plan when total daily water demand equals or exceeds one and a quarter (1.25) million gallons per day for five consecutive days or 1.75 million gallons per day on any single day. 

(B)       Requirements for termination. Stage 2 of the plan may be rescinded when all of the conditions listed as triggering events have ceased to exist for a period of ten consecutive days.  Upon termination of stage 2, stage 1 becomes operative. 

(3)        Stage 3 – Severe water shortage conditions

(A)       Requirements for initiation. Customers shall be required to comply with the requirements and restrictions on nonessential water uses for stage 3 of this plan when total daily water demand equals or exceeds one and a quarter (1.25) million gallons per day for five consecutive days or 1.75 million gallons on a single day and/or continually falling treated water reservoir levels which do not refill overnight. 

(B)       Requirements for termination. Stage 3 of the plan may be rescinded when weather conditions have changed and all of the conditions listed as triggering events have ceased to exist for a period of ten consecutive days.  Upon termination of stage 3, stage 2 become operative. 

(4)        Stage 4 – Emergency water shortage conditions

(A)       Requirements for initiation. Customers shall be required to comply with the requirements and restrictions for stage 4 of this plan when the City Manager, determines that a water supply emergency exists based on: 

(i)         Major water line breaks or pump or system failures occur, which cause unprecedented loss of capability to provide water service; or 

(ii)        Natural or manmade contamination of the water supply source. 

(B)       Requirements for termination. Stage 4 of the plan may be rescinded when all of the conditions listed as triggering events have ceased to exist for a period of seven consecutive days. 

Sec. 13.07.009             Drought response stages 

The City Manager shall monitor water supply and/or demand conditions on a daily basis and, in accordance with the triggering criteria set forth in this Article, shall determine that a mild, moderate, severe or emergency condition exists and shall implement the following actions upon publication of notice in a newspaper of general circulation. 

(1)        Stage 1 – Mild water shortage conditions

(A)       Goal. Reduce daily water demand to less than one and a quarter (1.25) million gallons per day. 

(B)       Supply management measures.  The City will discontinue flushing of fire hydrants and water mains (except as necessary in repair of broken water lines) and will only irrigate landscape areas on designated watering days. 

(C)       Water use restrictions.  Under threat of penalty for violation, the following water use restrictions shall apply to all persons. 

(i)         Customers are requested to voluntarily conserve water and limit irrigation of landscaped areas to days per week.  The days of the week are left up to the City Manager. 

(ii)        Use of water to wash any motor vehicle, motorbike, boat, trailer, airplane or other vehicle is prohibited, except on designated watering days.  Such washing, when allowed, shall be done with a handheld bucket or a handheld hose equipped with a positive shut-off nozzle for quick rinses.  Vehicle washing may be done at any time on the immediate premises of a commercial carwash or commercial service station.  Further, such washing may be exempted from these regulations if the health, safety and welfare of the public is contingent upon frequent vehicle cleansing, such as garbage trucks and vehicles used to transport food and perishables. 

(iii)       Use of water to fill, refill or add to any indoor or outdoor swimming pools, wading pools or Jacuzzi-type pools is prohibited except on designated watering days. 

(iv)       Operation of any outside ornamental fountain or pond for aesthetic or scenic purposes is prohibited except where necessary to support aquatic life or where such fountains or ponds are equipped with a recirculation system. 

(v)        Use of water from hydrants shall be limited to firefighting related activities or other activities necessary to maintain public health, safety and welfare, except that use of water from designated fire hydrants for construction purposes may be allowed under special permit from city. 

(vi)       Use of water for the irrigation of golf course greens, tees and fairways and athletic fields is allowed on designated watering days.  However, if the golf courses or athletic fields utilize a water source other than that provided by the city, the facility shall not be subject to these regulations. 

(vii)      The following uses of water are prohibited: 

a.         Wash down of any sidewalks, walkways, driveways, parking lots, tennis courts or other hard-surfaced areas; 

b.         Use of water to wash down buildings or structures for purposes other than immediate fire protection; 

c.         Use of water for dust control; 

d.         Flushing street gutter or permitting water to run or accumulate in any street gutter or street or parking lot; 

e.         Failure to repair a controllable leak(s) within a reasonable period after having been given notice directing the repair of such leak(s); and 

f.          The serving of water by restaurants or other business without the request of the customer. 

(2)        Stage 2 – Moderate water shortage conditions

(A)       Goals. Reduce daily water demand to less than one and a quarter (1.25) million gallons per day. 

(B)       Supply management measures.  The City will discontinue flushing of fire hydrants and water mains (except as necessary in repair of broken water lines) and reduce irrigation of public landscaped areas to once every seven days. 

(C)       Water use restrictions.  All requirements of stage 1 shall remain in effect during stage 2 except the following: 

(i)         Irrigation of landscaped areas shall be allowed on all days of the week during the hours of 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m., except the days of Monday and Thursday.  No irrigation of landscaped areas shall be allowed on Mondays or Thursdays; 

(ii)        Use of water to wash any motor vehicle, motorbike, boat, trailer, airplane or other vehicle is prohibited, except on designated watering days between the hours of 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.  Such washing, when allowed, shall be done with a handheld bucket or a handheld hose equipped with a positive shut-off nozzle for quick rinses.  Vehicles washing may be done at any time on the immediate premises of a commercial carwash or commercial service station.  Further, such washing may be exempted from these regulations if the health, safety and welfare of the public is contingent upon frequent vehicle cleansing, such as garbage trucks and vehicles used to transport food and perishables; 

(iii)       Use of water to fill, refill or add to any indoor or outdoor swimming pools, wading pools or Jacuzzi-type pools is prohibited except on designated watering days between the hours of 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.; 

(iv)       Operation of any outside ornamental fountain or pond for aesthetic or scenic purposes is prohibited except where necessary to support aquatic life or where such fountains or ponds are equipped with a recirculation system; 

(v)        Use of water from hydrants shall be limited to firefighting, related activities or other activities necessary to maintain public health, safety and welfare; except that use of water from designated fire hydrants for construction purposes may be allowed under special permit from City. 

(vi)       Use of water for the irrigation of golf course greens, tees and fairways and athletic fields is allowed on designated watering days.  However, if the golf courses or athletic fields utilize a water source other than that provided by the City, the facility shall not be subject to these regulations; and 

(vii)      The following uses of water are defined as nonessential and are prohibited: 

a.         Wash down of any sidewalks, walkways, driveways, parking lots, tennis courts or other hard-surfaced areas; 

b.         Use of water to wash down buildings or structures for purposes other than immediate fire protection; 

c.         Use of water for dust control; 

d.         Flushing gutters or permitting water to run or accumulate in any gutter or street; 

e.         Failure to repair a controllable leak(s) within a reasonable period after having been given notice directing the repair of such leak(s); and 

f.          The serving of water by restaurants or other business without the request of the customer. 

(3)        Stage 3 – Severe water shortage conditions

(A)       Goal. Reduce daily water demand to less than one and a quarter (1.25) million gallons per day. 

(B)       Supply management measures.  The City will discontinue flushing of fire hydrants and water mains (except as necessary in repair of broken water lines) and irrigation of landscaped areas will be limited to once every ten days.  Use of water for fire department practices will be discontinued. 

(C)       Water use restrictions.  All requirement of stages 1 and 2 shall remain in effect during stage 3 except: 

(i)         Irrigation of landscaped area shall be limited to designated watering days between the hours of 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. and between 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. and shall be by means of handheld hoses, handheld buckets, drip irrigation.  The use of permanently installed automatic sprinkler systems and hose-end sprinklers is prohibited at all times.  The use of any other method is prohibited at all times. 

(ii)        Use of water to wash any motor vehicle, motorbike, boat, trailer, airplane or other vehicle not occurring on the premises of a commercial carwash and commercial service stations and not in the immediate interest of public health, safety and welfare is prohibited.  Further, such vehicle washing at commercial carwashes and commercial service stations shall occur only between the hours of 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. and between 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. 

(iii)       The filling, refilling or adding of water to swimming pools, wading pools and Jacuzzi-type pools is prohibited. 

(iv)       Operation of any ornamental fountain or pond for aesthetic or scenic purposes is prohibited except where necessary to support aquatic life or where such fountains or ponds are equipped with a recirculation system. 

(v)        No applications for new, additional, expanded or increased-in-size water service connections, meters, service lines, pipeline extensions, mains or water service facilities of any kind shall be allowed or approved. 

(4)        Stage 4 – Emergency water shortage conditions

(A)       Goal. Achieve a 50% reduction in daily water demand. 

(B)       Supply management measures.  The City will discontinue flushing of fire hydrants and water mains (except as necessary in repair of broken water lines) and all other nonessential water uses, including water for fire department practices. 

(C)       Water use restrictions.  All requirements of Stages 1, 2 and 3 shall remain in effect during Stage 4 except: 

(i)         Irrigation of landscaped areas is absolutely prohibited; and 

(ii)        Use of water to wash any motor vehicle, motorbike, boat, trailer, airplane or other vehicle is absolutely prohibited. 

Sec. 13.07.010             Enforcement 

(a)        No person shall knowingly or intentionally allow the use of water from City for residential, commercial, industrial, agricultural, governmental, or any other purpose in a manner contrary to any provision of this plan, or in an amount in excess of that permitted by the drought response stage in effect at the time pursuant to action taken by the City Manager, in accordance with provisions of this plan. 

(b)        That any person who violates this plan is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than $10.00 and not more than $500.00.  Each day that one or more of the provisions in this plan is violated shall constitute a separate offense.  If a person is convicted of three or more distinct violations of this plan, the City Council shall, upon due notice to the customer, be authorized to discontinue water services to the premises where such violations occur.  Services discontinued under such circumstances shall be restored only upon payment of a reconnection charge and any other costs incurred by the City in discontinuing service.  In addition, suitable assurance must be given to the City that the same action shall not be repeated while this plan is in effect.  Compliance with this plan may also be sought through injunction relief in the district court. 

(c)        Any person, including a person classified as a water customer of the City, in apparent control of the property where a violation occurs or originates shall be presumed to be the violator, and proof that the violation occurred on the person’s property shall constitute a rebuttable presumption that the person in apparent control of the property committed the violation, but any such person shall have the right to show that he/she did not commit the violation. 

Sec. 13.07.011              Variances 

(a)        The City Manager, may, in writing, grant temporary variance for existing water uses otherwise prohibited under this plan if it is determined that failure to grant such variance would cause an emergency condition adversely affecting the health, sanitation or fire protection for the public or the person requesting such variance and if one or more of the following conditions are met: 

(1)        Compliance with this plan cannot be technically accomplished during the duration of the water supply shortage or other condition for which the plan is in effect; or 

(2)        Alternative methods can be implemented which will achieve the same level of reduction in water use. 

(b)        Persons requesting an exemption from the provisions of this Article shall file a petition for variance with the City within five days after the plan or a particular drought response stage has been invoked.  All petitions or variances shall be reviewed by the city manager, and shall include the following: 

(1)        Name and address of the petitioner(s); 

(2)        Purpose of water use; 

(3)        Specific provision(s) of the plan from which the petitioner is requesting relief; 

(4)        Detailed statement as to how the specific provision of the plan adversely affects the petitioner or what damage or harm will occur to the petitioner or others if petitioner complies with this Article; 

(5)        Description of the relief requested; 

(6)        Period of time for which the variance is sought; 

(7)        Alternative water use restrictions or other measures the petitioner is taking or proposes to take to meet the intent of this plan and the compliance date; and 

(8)        Other pertinent information. 

(c)        Variances granted by the City shall be subject to the following conditions, unless waived or modified by the City Manager. 

(1)        Variances granted shall include a timetable for compliance; and 

(2)        Variances granted shall expire when the plan is no longer in effect, unless the petitioner has failed to meet specified requirements. 

(d)        No variance shall be retroactive or otherwise justify any violation of this plan occurring prior to the issuance of the variance. 

Sec. 13.07.012             Wholesale and retail water customers
The City Manager shall advise customers receiving wholesale and retail water services from the city of actions taken under the drought/emergency contingency plan.  The City Manager may restrict service to customers outside the City including wholesale services to customers outside the City as permitted under the contract and state law. 

Sec. 13.07.013             Authority under other laws
Nothing in this Article shall be construed to limit the authority of the Mayor, City Council, or City Manager to seek emergency relief under the provisions of any state or federal disaster relief act.

Additional Information
For more information, please call (325) 728-5331.